Know the US Policy and Interest in the Post- Soviet Caspian Region that can affect your projects.

By and on August 25, 2014
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US POLICY AND INTEREST IN THE POST-SOVIET CASPIAN REGION

 

ABSTRACT: In the 20th century, World War I and World War II and the end of the Cold War stimulated fundamental breaks with the post and set in major transformations, providing countries with incentives to rethink seriously, the premises underlying their interests, purposes, and priorities and that the terrorist attacks on 9/11 produced a fundamental transformation in US policy. The end of cold war did not eliminate all threats to US’s foreign policy and national security, but it did force the US to reexamine its foreign policies, force levels, strategies and tactics, and budget requirements in the light of current and potential threats. For the first time in almost fifty years, the United States had to design in its foreign and defense policies in absence of the dominant focus provided by the Soviet threats. A first response to the post cold war was multilateralism, the idea that major nations could achieve common goals by working together, including using force as a means of arresting regional conflicts. The post-Soviet Caspian states because they represent valuable but relatively new post-Cold War alliances that could become a casualty of U.S. strategic interests in an age of Globalization. Although the Caspian region is both geographically remote and of only derivative importance to the USA’s key strategic concerns, US diplomatic effort in the region has been incredibly active, starting with official visits, first by the leaders of the region to the USA and then by the US Secretary of State to the region. There have also been several landmark addresses by key Clinton Administration officials regarding the ‘importance’ of Central Asia and the Caucasus to the USA. 

The instability of the Caspian region, matters profoundly to the west and to the U.S. for several reasons. First, its instability permits the operation and growth of terrorist movements that often have a global and specifically anti-American scope. Second, the Caspian is a emerging oil producing region vital to unimpeded energy access. Finally, regional conflicts in this volatile area have the potential of developing into major power confrontations that cannot but affect the security of the U.S. and its allies. US since 1992 have claimed that engaging the Caspian states is a strategic priority for the United States foreign policy. The region is home to vast unexploited oil and gas reserves and is an important staging area for the US.

Keywords US Foreign Policy, Post Cold War, Caspian States,

I. INTRODUCTION

An overview of the literature analyzing US’s foreign policy shows that no one perspective dominates. The Caspian States is relatively new, the general foreign policy principles are still being elaborated, and therefore US –Caspian relations are described mainly by foreign observers. There are different views of the Post Caspian and US relations. Caspian is slowly moving towards integration with Western states, where the U.S. plays a significant role in the formation of its foreign policy preferences. Another view shows the relative slowness of Caspian’s integration into world affairs after the Soviet breakup. According to the latter group, Caspian country highly influenced by its neighboring regional powers, like Russia and Iran. Therefore, it is useful to analyze US policy towards-Caspian relations in detail in the context of Caspian’s developments. Thereupon, the main attention of the paper is focused on US policy and program on Caspian States to strengthen its independent foreign policy through the earliest recovery of its territorial integrity. As a result of the different arguments’ comparison, we made the following main argument on the basis of the above-mentioned range of perspectives and the literature review.
This Paper “US Policy and Interest in the Post- Soviet Caspian Region reflects the aim of the study is to examine the US policy in the Caspian States in the context of their cooperation in the exploitation of energy reserves; Economic Development, their partnership in the fight against international terrorism; and to analyze the existing problems. We decided to examine these aspects of US foreign policy because in its economic interests as in Caspian’s development of its oil and natural reserves and finally its global political role as in Caspian’s cooperation.

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Mukesh Kumar

Mukesh Kumar Mishra is Secretary General of KRITYANAND UNESCO CLUB, Jamshedpur. The Krityanand UNESCO Club is working to contribute to the work of the United Nations within Consultative relationship with the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is governed by the principles contained in Council Resolution 1996/31 and has a Special Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations.

He holds M.A. in Political Science and MBA. Currently he pursues his Ph.D. in International Relations from Kolhan University Chaibasa, Jharkhand under the theme “Effects of Globalization on US Foreign Policy on Post Caspian States”. His interest in International Political and Economic Development. He looks all international relations work with United Nations and its system on behalf of the organization.

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Sanjeev Anand

Dr Sanjeev Anand, M.A.in Political Science and PhD, is Assistance Professor of Political Science in Tata College, Chaibasa. He is currently engaged in International Relations Research work in Kolhan University Chaibasa, India.